The Emergency Management Profession

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The emergency management profession has developed the concept of the disaster cycle as a basis for disaster management. The disaster cycle has four distinct yet interrelated phases: Mitigation, Preparedness, Response, and Recovery. The concept of the cycle implies an ongoing process in which communities, businesses, and individuals plan for and reduce potential disaster losses. Historically, emergency management programs have focused heavily on the preparedness and response phases, leaving limited resources to address the recovery and mitigation phases. This research paper will discuss the basic goals of post-disaster hazard mitigation and identify areas of concentration when developing strategies and making recommendations towards reducing and eliminating the impact of future disaster events through a post-disaster redevelopment plan.
Although not all communities encounter disasters, it’s important to note that all communities are vulnerable to disasters and should prepare accordingly. North Carolina had 43 major disaster declarations between 1965 and 2012 (FEMA, 2014). Of those 43 disaster declarations, 16 followed hurricanes and three were due to tropical storms. The remaining declarations were categorized as severe storms, flooding, tornados, or a combination thereof. In addition, seven winter weather events, one abnormally high tide event, and four wildfires also resulted in major disaster declarations.
Coastal storms are by far the most common disaster in North
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