The Emotional Bond Between An Infant And Their Primary Caregiver Essay

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Attachment theory starts with explaining the emotional bond between an infant and their primary caregiver and how the bond affects the infant 's emotional bonds in adulthood. Bowlby believed that a child 's upbringing affects their attachment style as an adult. A child who had caring parents have a better chance at being secure when they grow up. If they had parents who were never around or unaffectionate they have a bigger chance of being avoidant when they get older. If their parents were not great at communicating with them they will more than likely grow to have an anxious attachment style. Philip Shaver indicated that adults show patterns of attachment to their romantic partners similar to the patterns of attachment of children to their parents. (Levine & Heller, 2010) Apart from your parents parenting style your life experiences greatly impact your attachment style as well. Mary Ainsworth and Wittig performed an experiment called “The Strange Situation” in which they had children between the ages of 12-18 months and put them in a small room with their mothers. They tested 100 children from American families. They did many procedures including having the mother leave, leaving them with a stranger, the mother returning, a stranger joining, and leaving the infant alone. They would score the child on how they reacted when the mother left and returned. (Mcleod 2016) With this experiment, you learn that children who had the presence of their caregiver and felt safe were
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