The Empire Of The Seljuk Ottoman Empire

858 WordsMay 8, 20154 Pages
One of the small Turkish nomadic tribes in Anatolia during the 13th century was a dynasty named after the ruler Osman, the Ottomans. This small state emerged in Anatolia during the breakdown of the empire of the Seljuk Turks. The Ottomans quickly became an undeniable force and ended all other Turkish dynasties. The Ottoman Empire became one of the largest and longest lasting empires in the world, ruling the majority of the Middle East, northern Africa and southeastern Europe for over 600 years until its eventual fall in 1922. The Ottomans were one of the numbers of Turkish tribes that migrated from Central Asia. Initially they followed a primitive shamanistic religion. Their contacts with various tribes led to the introduction of Islam and they acquired their greatest combat tradition, that of the ghazi warrior. The first period of the Ottoman history was characterized by almost continuous territorial expansion. The Ottoman dominion spread out from a small Anatolian principality to cover a major amount of land in Middle East and southeastern Europe. Following the final defeat of the Seljuk Empire in 1293, Osman, the founder of the Ottoman dynasty, led his principality to take over Byzantine Bithynia in northwestern Anatolia, commanded the ghazis against the Byzantines. Osman and his successors concentrated their attacks on Byzantine territories bordering the Bosphorus and the Sea of Marmara to the west. The Ottomans took advantage of the decay of the Byzantine frontier

More about The Empire Of The Seljuk Ottoman Empire

Open Document