The End Of The Civil War

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The end of the Civil War should have signified the end of slavery as well; however, this was far from the truth. President Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation referred to only slaves within the southern states (Byng). African Americans found themselves no longer bound to their plantation homes, but they also found themselves without the means or rights needed to make new lives. Many of the attitudes and discriminatory practices present prior to the Civil War were still in effect and continued to make the lives of African Americans difficult and in many cases, threatened. The period which followed the end of the Civil War was called the Reconstruction. The South was a disaster, and the North was dealing with the economic and social damage that the South had incurred. The states needed to work to build themselves back to what they had been prior to the destruction caused by the Civil War. Blacks were no longer slaves. They were granted the same legal protections as whites through the passage of the 13th, 14th and 15th Amendments of the U.S. Constitution (Byng). They were given their freedom. They were recognized as citizens of the United States. They were given the right to vote. Many African Americans were able to serve in public offices. These new liberties and responsibilities, however, did not come easily to them, and with the end of the Reconstruction era, they abruptly halted (Byng). Many southerners still believed that African Americans were

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