The End Of The Cold War

1435 Words6 Pages
Despite the hope for democracy and political stability in the last two decades, crises and armed conflicts remain a serious impediment to development in many countries. Moreover, if some specialists say that the end of the Cold War at the beginning of the 1990s spelled the end of conflicts created through the East-West confrontation, the following years have shown the predominance of intra-state crises, thus forcing the United Nations (UN) to review its strategies for peace and security. In extremely complex internal conflicts, the peacekeeping operations seem unable to reach their objectives. The failure is a shared responsibility between the major powers, the peacekeepers and the UN. The permanent members of the Security Council…show more content…
This example illustrates how a permanent member on the Security Council can destroy a PKO when it interferes with its interest. The major powers are present in the decision making process but absent in the execution phase. This factor negatively influences the quality of peacekeeping operations. Since western armies have proven a high interoperability in multinational operations, their engagement can be an added value to the peacekeeping operations. Unfortunately, since 2010, the top 10 UN troop-contributing countries are all non-Western (Bellamy &Williams, 2012). This impacts the PKOs’ success because it deprives them from competent good lead and better trained troops, especially when the former colonizers flee their responsibilities to fragile countries. The colonizing countries are responsible for some of the PKOs’ failures. An in-depth look into these crises allows noting that many of them are the consequence colonialism. Nevertheless, instead of taking their historical responsibility, only the private interests motivate those countries to participate in peacekeeping. In 1994, to preserve its interests in Rwanda, Belgium had the largest contingent in the UNAMIR (United Nations Assistance Mission for Rwanda). However, just after ten Belgian peacekeepers were killed on April 7, Belgium began to petition for their complete withdrawal. After this abandonment, no country wanted to lead the mission (Maritz, 2012). As a result, UNAMIR marked an unforgettable
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