The End Of The World War

872 WordsMay 19, 20164 Pages
In 1988 Hagen Fleischer noted that ‘even today, decades after the war, the issue of [wartime] collaborationism still remains an open wound’. Greece was not of course the only country that entered the postwar period scarred with the wounds of collaborationism, nor was the only country in which these wounds were still open long after the war was over. In the aftermath of the Second World War, Europe emerged both victorious and divided, as divided was the memory of the wartime experience in countries that had collaborated in one way or another with the perpetrators of the Final Solution. The transition to political and social normalcy in Western Europe was facilitated by the ‘collective amnesia’ that the continent settled into for over two decades as well as by the domination of self-justifying narratives that emerged all across Europe in some cases well before the War had ended; from the Italian Secondo Risorgimento to the Austrian Lebenslüge, to the deGaullian Résistance, to the Dutch self-image of a ‘small but brave country’, to the Norwegian Hjemmenfront the identity of postwar Western Europe was constructed upon national mythologies that sanitised the memory of the war. As Richard Ned Lebow aptly comments ‘meanwhile, everyone blamed the Germans for the Holocaust, the Germans blamed the Nazis, and the Nazis blamed Hitler.’ According to Lebow, three were the main strategies that the postwar political elites in Western Europe adopted in order to restore inner unity,

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