The Odyssey written by Homer highlights the character development of Odysseus, the epic hero, in his journey of self-discovery. Odysseus is accredited with many strong traits including his nobility, smarts, and bravery. Having one tragic flaw, being his arrogance, was put to the test throughout his heroic journey. Homer stripped the protagonist of his arrogance as the story goes on, by giving him many challenges, giving dire consequences for his mistakes, and allowing him to continue to overcome obstacles. The main purpose of Odysseus’ journey was to reach his home as a humbled man. The hero’s journey can be used as a way to look at life’s morals. The reader is able to see the protagonist continue to make mistakes, because of his arrogance and continue to be punished by the gods. Once he overcame this, he is greatly awarded with the security of his home. This essay will analyze the arrogance of Odysseus along with his extraordinary traits, the molding of his identity, and his new found lesson of humility.
Intro: There are a wide variety of themes present throughout the Odyssey, written by Homer. Be it hospitality, perseverance, vengeance or power of the Gods, loyalty is truly the theme that brings the whole book together. Being 10 years after the Trojan War, many have forgotten about Odysseus and his men as they constantly brave what the gods throw their way. This essay will be talking about Odysseus and Penelope’s mutual loyalty to one another, the loyal relationships between Gods and men and finally, the loyalty Odysseus’ men show for him until death. This essay with prove to us that without loyalty, Odysseus’ legendary journey would have been put to an end near where they started. The general theme of loyalty is what kept Odysseus
Odysseus, King of Ithaca, and the main character in homer’s The Odyssey, was gone for twenty years before finally returning to his family and his homeland. He struggled through many hardships and lost many loyal companions. The King of Ithaca would not have made it home without the assistance of the Greek gods. Despite all of the help and advice that Odysseus receives from the gods, he is a very brave man because his courage and daring in the cave of the Cyclops, his inability to give up and abandon his men on Circe’s island, and his flawless following of the gods instructions are acts of bravery that is uncommon in most men.
A hero isn’t shaped by his strengths but by the values he possesses. Homer’s epic, The Odyssey, reveals the moral and ethical constitution of the ancient Greeks. Over time, certain cultures have grown to value a number of human characteristics. Those who acquire such values become respected heroes. After the fall of Troy, the protagonist of the epic, Odysseus, set sail for his home, Ithaca, where his faithful wife and son were waiting for him. Over the course of his journey, Odysseus faced some of the most ferocious opponents known to the Greeks. Even through this formidable journey, Odysseus and his family have stayed true to the diverse aspects of the ancient Greeks. The Odyssey exemplifies the human ideals of hospitality, loyalty and
Long-tried royal Odysseus is tested for devotion and trust through the absence of his loved ones. His character can be seen through the actions and voice of his very own son Telemachus. Since Telemachus and Odysseus have been away from each other
The Odyssey of Homer is filled with various adventures, sought-after revenge, and harmful temptations. The war hero, Odysseus, traveled for three years, always trying to achieve his homecoming. In Odysseus’ fourth year, Zeus destroyed his ship, as well as his companions, while they were out at sea. After these losses, Odysseus alone was washed up onto the island of a nymph, Kalypso. She took him into her palace and came to love him. After time, she desired to make Odysseus her husband, offering to make him immortal as well. Yet, Odysseus declines her offer of immortality. After years of fighting in battle, then years of suffering following the war, his noble rejection seems remarkable. Homer’s readers are forced to wonder, why does
When Odysseus returns to Ithaka, his curiosity in viewing whether people remembered and missed him drives him toward testing people. His own beloved wife, Penelope, is apart of his trial making. Without approaching her in his true form and telling her who he is, he rather has a conversation with her lying that he entertained Odysseus. From the deceiving stories of Odysseus, Penelope listened as “ her tears ran and her body was melted… as Penelope wept for her man, who was sitting there by her side” (287. 205). Causing her so much sorrow and grief through Odysseus’ trials. He even has “ pity for his wife as she mourned for him” (287. 210). In his reckless curiosity he generates more pain and suffering upon her fragile self than deserved. Also, Odysseus tests his father in curiosity “to see whether he will know [him] and his eyes recognize [him], or fail to know [him]” (350. 217). However, Odysseus takes it too far, using words of mockery, and even seeing his father break down in tears over him, Odysseus continues in his deceit. Speaking to the extent that Laertes “ caught up the grimy dust and poured it over his face and grizzled head, groaning incessantly” (353. 315). In those days such was the epitome of mourning, to cover ones face in ashes and dirt. Out of Odysseus’ reckless curiosity, Laertes who is already old and weary has to endure mockery and mourning from his own
Along the journey home, Odysseus and his men are presented with many situations that act as tests of their personal character and self-control. Whether it be the temptation of revelry, the ability to escape their worries, or gluttony, the men must choose between their own selfish desires or resistance for the communal good. Throughout Homer’s Odyssey, the failure of Odysseus’s men to recognize their lack of self-control due to foolishness results in them bringing misfortune upon themselves and ultimately their community. In contrast, their king and commander, Odysseus, successfully displays how to avoid this lack of self-control by possessing tremendous amounts of self-discipline and prudence.
In Epic Poem “The Odyssey” Odysseus is the protagonist. Odysseus’ over-the-top ego caused him to lose his men and his son’s childhood, but taught him a valuable lesson about humility. The Odyssey, written by Homer, tells the story of Odysseus and how he faced misfortune in his attempts to return home after the Trojan War. Odysseus is not famous for his great strength or bravery, but for his ability to deceive and trick. To his friends, he was a brilliant strategist. To his enemies, he was a deceiver and a manipulator of the worst kind.
Ithaka, a once prosperous and powerful kingdom, is now in disorder, and Homer wants readers to observe how the absence of a king and the uninvited stay of a hundred suitors causes a once well-built society to crumble. Odysseus has been gone for almost twenty years, fighting in the Trojan War and struggling to return home. His absence has allowed “a pack” (20) of suitors to exploit the kingdom, “killing [the] beeves and sheep and fatted goats… and not caring [for] what they do” (20-21). Readers should think of the suitors as nothing better than parasites, sucking the wealth of Ithaka clean and ravaging the kingdom of its food and drink. They are exploiting the rules of being guests in another’s house and Homer wants readers to realize that the breaking of these rules has caused Ithaka’s society to crumble. Ithaka is no longer united and disorder reigns as the suitors continue to suck the wealth out of the kingdom
His devotion to his father was unbreakable with the help of Athena; and even though he and his father have never met, his undying honor towards his father prevailed. And finally, Eumaios stayed at the house caring for the pigs even though his “boss” had gone astray. Eumaios was given the opportunity to leave the Laertides household and go search for a better paying job, but because of his past history with the Laertides family, he couldn’t move himself to do such a thing. And because of their devotion towards Odysseus, they were all rewarded with Odysseus’ return and the downfall of the suitors that ravaged their home (185,
Homer’s epic poem The Odyssey follows Odysseus on his long journey home. The Epic also includes the stories of Odysseus’ family left behind: the travels of his son, Telemachus, and how plenty, of what we would now call “home wreckers”, suitors pressured his wife, Penelope, into marrying one of them. The characters are beautifully crafted and the story is truly epic. All the elements presented can bring in any reader from any century, the Cyclops, the Gods, the trickery of Penelope, and the disguises of Odysseus, are all legendary literary hooks . There are many things to learn—about writing, about the world around us, the world ahead of us, and the past behind us—from The Odyssey. (26) It is undeniably evident that this ancient text has
It is often said that fealty is a way to show how much a person is important to someone else. In his highly visual and epic poem “The Odyssey of Homer,” a verse translated by Allen Mandelbaum uses a swineherd named Eumaeus as a symbol of fealty and hospitality towards Odysseus. Even though the title alludes to Odysseus, Eumaeus actions and speech towards Odysseus has the central idea of the fealty way Eumaeus is towards Odysseus. Homer’s purpose is to inform the reader in order to show that there is still some people who are fealty towards Odysseus even having to believe that he is dead. The speaker adopts a hopeful tone for everybody to understand that there is some people loyal towards Odysseus Much of Eumaeus hospitality is conveyed through
The Odyssey is an epic poem that showcases the heroic actions contrasted with the grave disasters of Odysseus, a tragic hero on his way home from the war in Troy. The author, Homer, shows through Odysseus’ actions that even a hero such as he, has flaws. Flaws that if not acknowledged and learnt from, can spell grave disaster in the journey yet to come. Many Greeks recognize Odysseus as the most renowned hero of the Trojan war, thanks to his own accounts of his years away from Ithaca. Following the Greek beliefs, many believe that Odysseus couldn’t have kept himself away for so long, for only the gods can do something like this, and Odysseus can’t be the cause of the crew’s deaths, only the gods could be so cruel. While
Broken, starving, and half-dead from exhaustion, a soldier washes ashore on an island. Pulling him out of the water, a beautiful woman saves his life and nurses him back to health. However, this man is not an ordinary soldier, he is Odysseus, king of Ithaca, and hero of the Trojan War. In the ancient Greek poet and author, Homer,’s epic, The Odyssey, after ten long years of fighting in the far away land of Troy, Odysseus and his crew must brave countless challenges and obstacles on his journey home. These obstacles teach Odysseus and his men several valuable lessons that mean to change their attitudes from those of warriors, to the attitudes of peaceful civilians. Like many returning soldiers Odysseus must learn to control his appetite