The Enlightenment: An Incredible Change

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The Enlightenment is known as the age of reasons because of its gradual changes or transitions from traditional to modern societies. It was a big change from faith or religion towards science and the intellectual reasoning. Also, many societies or people changed their styles of living and beliefs such as they went from rural to urban, agriculture to commerce, believe to reason, religion to science, and so on. During the Neo-Classical era, many world famous writers such as Jean-Baptiste Poquelin known by Moliere, Jonathan Swift, and Francois-Marie Arouet know by Voltaire wrote some incredible stories, poems, plays and articles about the age of reason. In literature, all of them are well known by the tactics and methods they used in their…show more content…
For instance, Swift proposal based on sarcasm that the society of Ireland should exterminate its infants in order to reduce the starving population or poverty, and use their meat products as the source of food and revenue (343-346). In the novel, “Candide” written by Voltaire presents to his readers the verbal irony argument against “philosophical optimist” which in reality most the time doesn’t work or function properly. For example, Candide through the story relearns everything all over again and faces real life scenarios which make him doubt about Pangloss’s teachings about society perspective such as whatever happens to them it’s “the best of all possible worlds” which Voltaire illustrate as fictional optimism (378). Another component of satire in literature is the situational irony which depicts the opposite outcome rather than what the readers might thought to expect. In the story, “Gulliver’s Travels” written by Jonathan Swift, presents a man who is easily persuaded or deceived during his journeys to fictional islands and societies where he learns new cultures or traditions and tries to reasonably fit in. Furthermore, Swift presents a good situational irony in voyage four when Gulliver end up in unknown island once again, but this time characters role have changed or reversed. For instance, Gulliver first contact with “Houyhnhnms” presents to him animal traits, but later he realizes
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