The Enlightenment From A Dualist 's View

1512 WordsMay 22, 20177 Pages
In the first half of the class, we mainly focused on the enlightenment from a dualist’s view. From a dualist’s point of view, the world can be divided into two: the state of being and becoming. The state of being is full of eternal, spiritual, ideal forms, and perfectly good knowledge. In contrast, the state of becoming is full of transitory, sensual, material objects, and imperfect opinions. Advancing from the world of becoming to the world of being is called enlightenment, which can only be accomplished through reasoning. Furthermore, Kant claimed that enlightenment can be achieved by a group activity, the public reasoning. Public reasoning is a freedom to argue or disagree in public about issues. Anyone can join the public debate, but…show more content…
He thinks that God is a fake idea that was made out of human fear of death. And then he tells death, who he believed to be the priest, that he’s only playing chess with the death because he feels like he has to do one meaningful thing in his life; he feels alive by playing chess with the death. Like this, existentialists claim that we don’t know the true purpose of life nor can decide what the right way is. We are born, not knowing anything about the purpose of life, and then as we grow up, we start to from ideas about our purpose. We didn’t choose to be born, but we choose to define ourselves after we’re born. Therefore, the meaning or purpose of life is highly subjective; before we contemplate about ourselves, nothing exists. We are anything before we act, and we will only attain existence as we propel ourselves to the future. Consequently, existentialists claim that our existence precedes our purpose. Then, what are the effects of existence preceding essence? It means that we are responsible for our existence. We encounter ourselves only because we have other people around us. When we choose to be ourselves, we also choose for all of humanity, because what we choose is the image of humanity that we want it to be. For example, we are creating a certain image of humanity as we would have them to be by fashioning ourselves. According to Sartre, we constantly externalize the cause of our actions because we don’t want to be responsible for it,

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