The Enormous Influence of the Enlightenment on the World and Mary Shelley's Frankenstein

1082 Words5 Pages
Background In the 17th and 18th centuries, with the development of capitalism, the power of the bourgeois became stronger. Feudal system hindered the development of capitalism. Nature science was the weapon that could break the feudalism. The Enlightenment was the product of this period. The origin of the Enlightenment was in England, and throughout in the Europe. France was the core country of the Enlightenment. The influence of the Enlightenment on the world was enormous. It provided plenty of mental preparation for the French Revolution; had inspired role in American Revolution. Voltaire’s Letter on England In the course of the Enlightenment, a large number of thinkers have emerged: Montesquieu, Rousseau, Voltaire, Kant,…show more content…
Voltaire thought god was a logical hypothesis in the universe. Political On the letter 8, Voltaire talked about Parliament; he compared English Parliament to the ancient Romans, and praised the monarchy in Britain. “What became a revolution in England is only a sedition in other countries.” He mentioned Britain was the only country resisted the absolute monarchy to achieve the monarchy. He also related to the France “Our civil wars under Charles VI had been cruel, those of the League were abominable, that of the Fronde was farcical.” Pointed out that France were still needed great efforts to become a rational and restraint of government. From this letter he commented on British Parliament and Judicial System. On the next letter, he conversed on the Magna Carta. Religious The first seven letters from this book discoursed on religions, which against religious fanatics. From these letters, Voltaire’s point of view trait religious were extremely different. Notably, he had an interest and compassion on the Quakers and the Socinians; but for the Anglican Religion was critiqued. Voltaire struggled with religious throughout his life, but he was not an atheist. He considered god has faith necessary in the social life. Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein Mary was born in England in the 18th century, was known as “the mother of science fiction”. Her husband was Percy Bysshe Shelley, who was a

More about The Enormous Influence of the Enlightenment on the World and Mary Shelley's Frankenstein

Open Document