The Environmental Issues Of California Water Crisis

1491 Words6 Pages
After 4 years of intensive drought, California declared a state of emergency in January 2015 and California water crisis has been one of the biggest environmental issues in America (US. Geological Survey, 2015). On April 1, 2015, the governor of California, Jerry Brown, visited Sierra Nevada to measure the amount of snowpack, which has been done annually, and a formidable result came out. The measurement of snowpack of Sierra Nevada of this year met only 5 percent of the April 1 average. According to the record, it is the lowest number since 1950. So the governor Jerry Brown ordered a 25% cut in urban water use in California (Cava, 2015) between June 2015 and February 2016(Circle of Blue, 2015). For the first time in the history, the mandatory water reduction enforced in California, and in order to accomplish the order, Californians should have better knowledge about the water that we daily consume. The aim of this paper is to observe the supply, distribution, use, and disposal of the water in California. Where does the water come from? California gets water supply from three sources: groundwater, surface water, and rain and snowfall. Groundwater supplies the most water in California. In the first, according to a report from California Department of Water Resources, 45 percent of statewide annual water supply for a normal season is groundwater, and up to 60 percent in dry days (2015). Groundwater is water underground, but not under the lakes or streams; it is from pores
Open Document