The Epic of Gilgamesh

2440 WordsJun 11, 200810 Pages
The Epic of Gilgamesh The Epic of Gilgamesh is an ancient artifact from Sumerian literature. There actually was a King in Sumer by the name of Gilgamesh, who lived at about 2700 BC. The Epic casts Gilgamesh as a ruler and great hero and cast as being part man and part god. The story has Gilgamesh set off with a companion in search of cedar wood to bring back to their woodless land. His companion is killed during a violent storm. The Sumerian Epic blames the death upon the storm god, Enlil. Gilgamesh then searches for the plant that restores youth, a recurring theme throughout centuries of literature. The Epic concludes with Gilgamesh dying. The text points out that the Epic is deeply pessimistic and provides insight into the…show more content…
This alliance became known as the Delian League. The time period for this is roughly 450 BC. The League members recognized Athens as the head of the League. Athens soon became very authoritarian in dealings with the member states often preventing them from independent and finally transferring the finances for the League from Delos to Athens. These funds simply became tribute to Athens. Short Answer Questions 1. Mesopatamian and Egyptian worldviews can be analyzed by looking at how each society viewed their gods, their roles in the world and their afterlife. The mes viewed their lives as being completely dependent upon the gods. The text notes that the mes felt that they were created by the gods merely to be slaves for the gods. The mes had a truly pessimistic view of their existence. The Egyptians viewed their kings as being divine and kings viewed their responsibility to maintain maat as being serious. This right order enabled the king to rule justly and bring social order and political control to Egypt. Egyptians believed in a pleasant life after death, where people were rewarded for living a good life. The Egyptians worshipped gods that they believed would extend favor onto them for doing good. This was much more optimistic view of existence than that of the Mes. The Code of Hammurabi from the mes did provide an attempt to establish a baseline of acceptable behavior for all to live by. The Egyptians to that same concept to a higher

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