The Epidemic Of South Africa

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HIV is a virus that affects human immune systems making them susceptible to a variety of diseases that may prove fatal to the patient. Apparently the most affected by this disease are people who live in the developing countries and the African continent. The Sub-Saharan Africa faces the highest HIV prevalence rate. In this region, South Africa faces greater problems associated with HIV and the effects are vast and devastating. As such, the government, organizations and regional organizations come together to fight the menace. This paper seeks to propose that South Africa is actively engaged in HIV control by exploring the various ways in which it undertakes to control and prevent the long suffering of the infected persons as well as…show more content…
Blood transfusion from an infected person to a healthy person is also a definite way of spreading the disease from one person to another (Bongmba 22). Moreover, it can be transmitted from mother to child. The cases of mother to child transmissions have been recorded to be contributing factors to infant mortality rates in the country. It is in light of this an array of educational programs are being initiated to educate people on the facts behind transmission and effects of the virus. This is one formidable way of countering HIV in South Africa (Mandela 11).
As HIV/AIDS is a significant potential threat to family structures. The epidemic deprives families of their property and further impoverishes those who are already poor. One major social phenomenon induced by the epidemic is the increase in the number of orphans. The loss of income, additional costs related to health care, and the increase in health costs and funeral expenses lead many into poverty. HIV/AIDS is, therefore, an obstacle to economic expansion and social progress, especially because the vast majority of people living with HIV/AIDS in the world are between the ages of 15 and 24 years. AIDS diminishes economic activity by reducing productivity, increasing costs, redirecting resources, and diminishing skills. Furthermore, it is worth noting that the government of South Africa has formulated policies and legislations that go in harmony with the world health organization
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