The Epidemic Of The Zika Virus

2539 WordsMay 4, 201611 Pages
The rare tropical virus has been prompting a worldwide concern lately. A number of cases has been increasing and not much has been done to protect our citizens. The Zika Virus is an epidemic on delay, with the worst of the outbreak’s effects trailing in the wake of the mosquitoes that carry the virus. The Zika is mosquito borne virus that has spread rapidly across the world such as the warm parts of Latin America, from Brazil to Mexico and even Puerto Rico. [World Health Organization (WHO), 2016] The Zika virus is transmitted to humans by the same type of mosquito, Aedes that transmits dengue and chikungunya viruses. (Researchers say Aedes aegypti is the main transmitter of the Zika virus, but there are other types of mosquitoes may be…show more content…
For most people, the Zika infection is not a big deal. The problem is that areas affected by the Zika outbreak are seeing an unusual rise in some serious conditions, and evidence points to the virus as the cause. Dozens of other Zika cases have surfaced the United States, but has involved people who became infected with the mosquito-born virus while traveling to Zika affect countries. (Fox News, 2016) In 1947, the Zika virus was first identified in a monkey that was being used to monitor the presence of yellow fever virus in the Zika Forest of Uganda. A year later, the virus was also found in the mosquito species, Aedes africanus, that was caught on a tree platform in the same forest. In 1952, the first human case was detected in Uganda and United Republic of Tanzania in a study demonstrating the presence of neutralizing antibodies to Zika virus. The first outbreak of the disease outside of Africa and Asia was in 2007, on the island of Yap in the Federated States of Micronesia. Prior to the outbreak there were only 14 cases of human Zika virus that had been documented worldwide. The condition was characterized by rash, conjunctivitis, and arthralgia, and was initially thought to be dengue. (WHO, 2016) In the beginning of March 2015, Brazil notified WHO about an illness described as a skin rash that was appearing in northeastern states. In February to the end of April 2015 there were about
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