The Epidemic of Alcohol Use Disorder (AUD)

2524 Words Jun 23rd, 2018 11 Pages
One of the growing epidemics of young adults in the United States is the dependence and/or abuse of alcohol, which is commonly referred to as alcoholism. The condition is described by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-V, as an alcohol use disorder (AUD), a type of substance abuse disorder, which encompasses both alcohol abuse and dependence. More specifically AUD is defined as, “medical conditions that doctors can diagnose when a patient’s drinking causes distress or harm (National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, 2007).” When the reliance or use of alcohol interferes with daily functioning, or causes greater harm to the one’s self, it can then be looked at as a disorder. According to the DSM-V, patients …show more content…
The researchers of this study hypothesize that there is in fact a strong relationship between AUDs and childhood maltreatment in emerging adults. They speculate this because alcohol is used as a coping method for many with childhood abuse, and this particular age group is more prone to psychological disorders since they are still developing and maturing. Also this study wanted to find how likely people living with this disorder in this age group, would seek treatment. The way this study was carried out was, through a survey called the NESARC that was administered to a group of 43,093 individuals in the first wave of interview questions, and 34,653 individuals in the second wave of the survey. Wave 2 assessed childhood maltreatment, and all the data collected by face-to-face interviews. Childhood maltreatment was measured through different questions based on the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire and Conflict Tactics Scale. The questions asked the subjects about whether they have ever experienced emotional abuse, physical abuse, sexual abuse, or physical neglect.
For physical abuse, individuals were asked, “How often did a parent or other adult living in your home push, grab, shove, slap, or hit you?” and “How often did a parent or other adult living in your home hit you so hard that you had marks or bruises or were injured?” Respondents were able to respond on a spectrum ranging from never to very often. For this
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