The Era Of Enlightenment And The Age Of Reason

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Originating from Europe in the 18th century, the Age of Enlightenment or simply the Enlightenment or the Age of Reason was an elite cultural movement of intellectuals seeking to mobilize the power of reason for the purposes of reforming society and advancing knowledge. According to Emmanuel Kant, one of the greatest contributors to the period of Enlightenment, the term signified the coming of age of mankind, and the emancipation of the human mind from a state of ignorance and error. Thus, the age was a phase of progressive development trying to do away with the state of ignorance that plagued mankind at that time. As an intellectual awakening, the Enlightenment offered new perspectives on different topics, such as politics, economics, philosophy, education, literature, science, and medicine, among others. Its primary objective was providing answers to questions on the development and progress of the human nature. The application of this knowledge was hoped to improve the lives of human beings through availing practical results to humanity’s problems. It heavily borrows from the European Enlightenment in various aspects, such as scientific discovery and rejection of superstition, critical inquiry, and a dedication to political and social reforms (González, & Pupo-Walker, 2001). It brings tremendous confidence and authority to the fusion of science, politics, and light. Some of the most enlightened founding fathers included Ben Franklin, a businessman, the founder of
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