The Era Of The French Revolution

1128 Words May 7th, 2015 5 Pages
Backgrounds
Born in 1749, Paris born Adélaïde Labille-Guiard was the youngest of eight children in a bourgeois family. Her mater was a merchant who owned a hat shop. There was much call for reform during her lifetime, the era of the French Revolution. There was a strong reaction against the fanciful Rococo by the 1760s. The goal of the movement was to “inspire virtue and purify manners” (Stokstad 708). French portrait painters moved toward naturalist poses and more everyday settings. Elegant informality continued to be featured, but new themes were introduced, figures tended to be larger and more robust, and compositional arrangements were more stable.
The Enlightenment brought with it ideas of tolerance and liberty. There was a change in social status, leading to the admittance of women into the academy, a position which had formerly been reserved for men alone. With the rise of women in the academy, many leading portraitists were women, such as Labille-Guiard. Her style flatters the painter’s conventional feminine charms in a manner generally consistent with the Rococo tradition, but a comparison with similar images of women such as Fragonard reveals the more monumental female type Labille-Guiard favored. This was in keeping with her conception of women as important contributors to national life, which is an Enlightenment impulse.
A century and a half later, Frida Kahlo was born in 1907, also a time of change. Her mother was a devout Catholic Spanish Mexican, while her…
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