The Essence of Organizational Behaviour

3953 Words Jul 10th, 2011 16 Pages

A definition of organizational behaviour

‘The study of the structure, functioning and performance of organizations, and the behaviour of groups and individuals within them’ (Pugh, 1971).

Characteristics of organizational behaviour (Ivancevich et al, 2008)

● It is a way of thinking about individuals, groups and organizations. ● It is multidisciplinary. ● There is a distinctly humanistic orientation. ● It is performance-oriented. ● The use of scientific method is important in studying variables and relationships. ● It is applications-oriented in the sense of being concerned with providing useful answers to questions that arise when managing organizations.

Organizational behaviour and
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Emotion – Feelings such as anger, fear, sadness, joy, anticipation and acceptance that arouse people and therefore influence their behaviour.
Emotional intelligence – A combination of skills and abilities such as self-awareness, self-control, empathy and sensitivity to the feelings of others.
Intelligence – The capacity for reasoning and abstract thinking governing the ability to solve problems, apply principles, make inferences and perceive relationships.
Orientation theory – This examines the factors that are instrumental, ie serve as a means, in directing people’s choices about work.
Perception – The intuitive understanding, recognition and interpretation of things and events.
Personality – The psychological qualities that influence an individual’s characteristic behaviour patterns in a stable and distinctive manner (Huczynski and Buchanan, 2007).
Psychological climate – A situation where psychological significance and meaning is given by perceptions.
Role – The part played by individuals and the patterns of behaviour expected of them in fulfilling their work requirements.
Self-efficacy – An individual's self-belief that he or she will be able to accomplish certain tasks, achieve certain goals or learn certain things.


The process of motivation

● Motivation is goal-directed

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