The Ethical And Legal Dilemmas

1519 Words Dec 5th, 2014 7 Pages
Some of the most difficult medical decisions to be made are those involving the life of a disabled or non-viable fetus. Such decisions are often filled with ethical and legal dilemmas. The fetus is just one of the many lives affected in the decision making process. In these scenarios, clear communication between the parents of the fetus and the health providers is crucial. Making the wrong decision could result in the weight of a large burden for the rest of one’s life. In this paper I will bring to light the ethical and legal dilemmas involved in beginning of life scenarios, along with examples of such situations, and ways health care providers can avoid such dilemmas. The principles of autonomy, beneficence, non-maleficence, and justice are what make up the foundation of bio-medical ethics. According to Kantian moral philosophy, autonomy is defined as the capacity of an agent to act in accordance with objective morality rather than under the influence of desires. Respect for autonomy is that the patient has the right to refuse or choose his or her treatment. Beneficence is defined online as a concept in research ethics, which states that researchers should have the welfare of the research participant as a goal of any clinical trial or other research study, meaning that a practitioner should act in the best interest of the patient. Non-maleficence, according to the medical ethics textbook, is not harming others, which implies that physicians not technically competent to…
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