The Ethical Debate of Free Contraception and Birth Control

2133 Words Apr 15th, 2012 9 Pages
The Ethical Debate of Free Contraception and Birth Control

If you watch or read the news today, you will find that there are many ethical and political issues that plague the United States. Many of these issues involve politicians debating over what is right or wrong for the country. One issue that particularly caught my attention was the huge debate over President Obama’s Health Care Reform Law requiring insurance plans to provide women with free contraception and birth control. The ethical issue that it presents is that many religious institutions and employers feel that it infringes on their constitutional rights of religious freedom, and they are opposing this law because of their religious views regarding birth control. The ethical
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Supporters also make the argument that there is no infringement on religious liberties because no one is being forced to use contraception against their will. The amended mandate will not require religiously affiliated institutions to participate in the reform, and in such, their female employees will be provided with birth control and contraception through co-payments through their insurance, if they wanted such services. One article in favor of the mandate stated,
“And on the issue of contraception itself, studies have shown that a staggering 98 percent of Catholic women not only believe in birth control but have used it. How is it possible to describe this issue as a violation of individual conscience, when no one is forced to use contraception against their will, and most Catholics have already consulted their conscience, are fine with the pill, and want it covered?” (Sullivan, 2012).
Supporters for the mandate also feel that in many ways, it will reduce health care costs because it can provide preventive services for unplanned pregnancies that can result in unaffordable prenatal costs, abortion and social services for adoption. So, now that we have discussed both arguments, let us examine the ethics involved in both view points. On one hand we have the issue of religious freedom, and on the other hand, we have the issue of women’s health. It is my opinion that both the ethical theories of deontology and utilitarianism can help solve

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