The Ethics Of Justice

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‘Ethical theories are the rules and principles that determine right and wrong for any given situation’ according to Crane and Matten (2004:76). Its contribution is either relativists which is what is right or wrong relying on the moral norms of our society such as, our culture or absolutists which is deciding what is right or wrong regarding the act, for instance, murder. However, absolutists are divided into Consequentialists (Teleological) which consists of Utilitarianism and ethical egoism and the Non-consequential (Deontological) which consists of divine command theories, Kant’s ethics of duty, virtue ethics, justice approach and the rights approach. The contribution to our understanding of ethical problems offered by 3 different ethical…show more content…
It is also called the ‘simultaneously fair treatment of individuals in a given situation, with the result that everybody gets what they deserve’. So ‘fair’ point out that people receive what they deserve, whereas ‘equal’ point out that everyone gets the same share of social capital and benefits. In other words, fairness demonstrates that all members receive an equal opportunity of social benefits. The concept of justice results on whether it refers to processes or outcomes. The procedural justice (known as the former) shed lights on how rules and laws function and how members are equally treated by those rules (degree of fairness). Moreover, there are 3 types of justice framework judging the fairness for various situations: the distributive, procedural and retributive justice. First, the distributive justice- fairness in dividing the outcomes or results or resources. For example, salary of employees depending on their sector in business such as: their skills. Second, the procedural justice- the fairness of decisions made, for example: human rights. Finally, the retributive justice- it is the fairness in fixing the wrongs, for example: punishments or

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