The Ethics of Cloning Essay

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According to Richard Dawkins “Cloning may be good and it may be bad. Probably it's a bit of both. The question must not be greeted with reflex hysteria but decided quietly, soberly and on its own merits. We need less emotion and more thought” (Dawkins, 2011). Cloning is a general term used to describe the replication of biological material (Cloning Fact Sheet, 2009). Throughout this paper the reasoning behind why cloning is an acceptable and potentially life changing science will be examined. Along with this we will take a close look at the arguments against cloning and exploring the flaws within the argument. This will affirm that cloning is useful because it cures diseases, passes on genes, and repopulates endangered species.
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Closely related to DNA cloning is therapeutic cloning which, like DNA, is the cloning of cells; but the cloning is of embryos not in the hope to create human life but rather to harvest stem cells. The harvesting of these cells is important since these cells, unlike all of the others in the human body, are able to form into any type of cell in the body ranging from bone, tissue, blood, and brain cells. Once the human body progresses to a certain stage the stem cells change into specialized cells and from that they will only be able to form those specific cells from that point forward. The main hope from therapeutic cloning is to use these stem cells to serve as replacement cells to treat such diseases as cancer, heart disease, and even Alzheimer’s. However, one of the strongest arguments for therapeutic cloning is the use of these stem cells for organ donation (Cloning Fact Sheet, 2009). Because the cells do not require the use of immunosuppressant drugs, which is generally used when transplanting a foreign organ, with this and the fact that there is an extremely low risk of the body rejecting the organ cells since they are exact replica’s if the organ cells already existing inside the persons body (Cloning, 2011). According to one source, a long term solution to organ shortage is in fact an increased funding in therapeutic Cloning (Nelson, Rosenberg, Weiss, & Goodrich, 2009).

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