The Ethnic Background Of Nigeria

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Social Climate An estimated 50 percent of Nigerians are Muslim, 40 percent are Christian with the remainder practicing various indigenous religions. Nigeria’s Muslim community presides in all parts of the country with the strongest accumulation in the Hausa and Yoruba ethnic groups. Islam in Nigeria is based on the teaching of the Prophet Muhammad outlined in the Qur’an with varying differences from the rest of the Islamic community. The vast majority of Igbo are Christians as are many of the Yoruba. Popular forms of Christianity include Anglican, Presbyterian, American Southern Baptist, and Methodist with large congregations of Seventh - day Adventist and Jehovah’s Witness across the country.
The ethnic background of Nigeria is diverse from its foundation. Two predominant groups in the Northern region include Muslim groups Hausa and Fulani. Although these two groups originated in different parts of West Africa, their religion, intermarriage and the adoption of the Hausa language by the Fulani have unified the two groups over time. Contemporary Nigerian society often refers to these two groups as one being coined as Hausa-Fulan. As the largest of the major ethnic groups, Hausa and Fulani have been politically dominant since Nigeria’s independence from Britain in 1960’s. In recent years, the Hausa-Fulani alliance has been instrumental in adopting and upholding Shari ‘a law in 11 of the country’s northern states. (pbs.org/newshour) Nigeria’s Christian community is comprised
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