The Etiology Of The Disorder

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Describe the etiology of the disorder. Bipolar Disorders are considered complex because of the episodes that are experienced. They include dysfunctional mood, potentially including major depressive episodes, mild to moderate depressive episodes, manic episodes, and hypomanic episodes, which are often separated by periods of relatively normal mood. There are two types of Bipolar Disorders that I will cover in this paper. They include Bipolar I disorder (BP-I) and Bipolar II disorder (BD-II).According to the Epidemiologic Catchment Area Study, as cited by Kleinman, Lowin, Flood, Gandhi, Edgell, and Revicki (2003), the lifetime prevalence by race and ethnicity for BD - I and BD - II, are as follows: Caucasian 0.8% and 0.4%, African American…show more content…
They include elevated mood and vegetative sign. Elevated mood symptoms include pervasive, expansive, infectious quality; overconfidence /grandiosity; sudden preoccupation with success (included are wealth, power, and fame); irritability, outburst and period feelings; pressured socialization, and spending sprees or foolish investments. Whereas vegetative signs include decreased need for sleep, appetite disturbance, and high energy including pressured speech, racing thoughts and hypersexual behavior (Mondimore, 2006). The features of depressed mood persistent low mood, reduced concentration and attention, reduced appetite, psychomotor retardation or agitation, suicidal thoughts, and disturbed sleep (2013). The diagnostic consideration for rapid cycling include the following there is an experience of 4 mood episodes over the last 12 month, the mood shift can be frequent which can occur several time a day, the cycling ins more frequent depressive than manic episodes, and more ‘time’ is speed in an acute episode state (Strahl, 2011). Describe the differential diagnosis associated with the disorder as well as comorbidity. Seligman & Reichenberg (2013) noted a 13% to 23% comorbidity rate of bipolar disorders and impulse-control disorders (pathological gambling, intermittent explosive disorder, kleptomania, pyromania, and trichotillomania), and that these disorders often precede the onset of a bipolar disorder. People with bipolar disorder
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