The Etiology, Prevalence Rates, And Symptoms Of Major Depressive Disorder

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Thus far, I have learned that Depression is a serious illness that affects a person’s interpersonal and occupational functioning which includes working, eating, sleeping, studying, or enjoying friends and activities. On occasion, everyone has feelings of sadness, being down, or feeling “blue”; however, depression is marked by chronic lack of functioning on a daily basis with no resolve. For this paper, I will thoroughly examine the etiology, prevalence rates, and symptoms of Major Depressive Disorder. In addition, I will explore Cognitive Behavior Therapy and Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy for treating MDD. By examining the findings of CBT and MBCT studies for treating MDD, I can be more knowledgeable and better prepared for treating clients with MDD in the future. Thus far I have learned that the causes of depression have not been specifically pinpointed, however, it is said that depression has genetic and environmental variants. MDD can occur at any age, however, studies have shown that incidents tends to peek in the early 20’s (APA, 2013). Depression, suicide ideation, self-injury, and Borderline Personality Disorder re significant problems amongst young college studies, which proves the notion that MDD peeks in the adolescent years (Pistorello, Fruzzetti, MacLane, Gallop, & Iverson, 2012). The prevalence rates for MDD are that a 12 month prevalence of the disorder in the US is at approximately 7&. In addition there are significant differences by age group.

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