The European Convention On Human Rights

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The European Convention on Human Rights was drafted in 1950. The UK and other 47 states have signed up. It is based on a series of articles and each of them protects a basic human right, allowing people to live free and respected lives.
All the signatory states have to respect the fundamental civil rights which include: the right to life (article 2); prohibition of torture(article 3); the prohibition of slavery and forced labour(article 4); the right to liberty and security(article 5); the right to a fair trial (article 6); no punishment without law(article 7); the right to respect for private and family life(article 8); freedom of thought, conscience and religion (article 9) and freedom of expression.
Human rights are necessary to
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Article 3- Prohibition of torture
‘No one shall be subjected to torture or to inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.’
The article means that humans possess the right not to be tortured or treated in a humiliating way, to have the state’s system to prevent tortures or inhumane treatments, not to be deported in states in which they would be tortured and to require the state to move in order to prevent from inflicting tortures.
Article 8 - Right to respect for private and family life
‘1. Everyone has the right to respect for his private and family life, his home and his correspondence.
2. There shall be no interference by a public authority with the exercise of this right except such as is in accordance with the law and is necessary in a democratic society in the interests of national security, public safety or the economic wellbeing of the country, for the prevention of disorder or crime, for the protection of health or morals, or for the protection of the rights and freedoms of others.’
Thisarticle means that humans have the right to have privacy of private life, tomakethe state to preotectpersonal or family life, to repect thefmiliy itself in dealing with immigration or deportation.

The ECHR was set up after the convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms was signed. This convention was established in 1953 and the Court,based in Stasbourg wasestablished subsequently. The current format of the Court
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