The European Court of Justice Essay

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The European Court of Justice The European Court of Justice (ECJ) is the supreme court of the European Union. Located in Luxemburg, it was founded in 1958 as the joint court for the three treaty organisations that were consolidated into the European Community (the predecessor of the EU) in 1967. By the early 1990s the court was composed of 9 advocates general and 15 judges. One judge representing each country member of the European Union. All members of the court are appointed for renewable six-year terms by agreement among the EU nations. The court interprets EU treaties and legislation and ultimately its decisions overrule those of national courts. Appeals to the Court of Justice are highly…show more content…
Under Article 177, of the treaty of Rome, the Court's jurisdiction is mainly concerned with the interpretation of the Treaty, the validity and interpretation of acts of Community institutions and the interpretation of the statutes of bodies established by the Council. The European Court of Justice will not hear an action brought by an individual, unless referred to it by a national court where the action was brought in the first place. It also hears cases involving breaches of the Treaty obligations by Member States. The ECJ has the important function of upholding the treaties that govern the EU and ensuring that the European Union Law is interpreted and applied in the same way across Europe by allowing different court proceedings. These include: · Preliminary rulings. To avoid differences of interpretation of EU law by national courts, the preliminary ruling procedure allows co-operation between national courts and the ECJ. · If a case comes before a national court that involves an interpretation of an EU law and there is a doubt as to how it should be interpreted, the national court will refer the question to the ECJ to decide. The ECJ will make a decision as to how the law should be interpreted or applied and will send that decision to the national court. The national court must then apply that decision to the case before it. · Proceedings for failure to

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