The European Union ( Eu )

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1.Introduction The European Union (EU) is a politico-economic partnership between 28 European countries, created in the aftermath of the Second World War. Its main purpose was to stimulate economic cooperation because it is thought that countries that trade with each other become economically interdependent, therefore conflicts are more likely to be avoided. As a result, the European Economic Community was established in 1958, originally to increase economic collaboration between six countries – France, Belgium, Italy, Germany, Luxembourg and the Netherlands. A large single market has been created and continues to develop towards its full potential ever since. 2. EU as a Human Rights Actor Today, one of the EU’s main objectives is to…show more content…
One of the Charter’s goals was to make the fundamental rights contained in the various treaties and judgments within the EU ‘more visible and accessible’ thereby creating legal certainty within the EU. There’s no longer a need to trawl through legal provisions and case law in order for the aggrieved party to establish what fundamental right has been violated. Unlike the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) which covers only civil and political rights, the Charter of Fundamental Rights recognises a range of personal, civil, political, economic and social rights contained in the Council of Europe Social Charter and the Community Charter of Fundamental Social Rights of Workers of EU citizens and residents. That being said, the EU 's institutions are bound legally to uphold them, subject to the principle of subsidiarity , the same applies to the EU governments whenever they are applying EU law. The party who feels wronged because of an action done by a member state when implementing EU law, can now resort to a national court instead of applying directly to the European Court of Human Rights, a course that is deemed costly and inconvenient. This clarification of rights can be considered as a positive and desirable step proving the Charter to be worth its salt. Human rights in the EU’s development policy are said to be universal, indivisible and
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