The EU was created after the Second World War to unite the neighboring countries of Europe. It was established by six European countries in 1951: France, Belgium, Luxembourg, Italy, Netherlands and West Germany (Briney, 2015). Today it consists of 28 countries united to create an economic and political community (Gov.uk, 2014).
The European Union was initially set up as a means to terminate the conflict that occurred within Europe throughout the 20th century, culminating with the end of The Second World War (WWII) and The Cold War that followed. The EU ultimately aimed to bring the member countries together in order to form an ‘ever closer union’ between the countries of Europe, thus preventing a future battle. The Union started as the European Economic Community (EEC), which was established in 1957, and over the years endured numerous adjustments to form the politico-economic union that we know of today.
Introduction The European Union (EU) poses one of the most unique challenges to understanding sovereignty and international relations. This is because of the extent of integration between EU institutions and member States. This integration has been to the point where the EU is not only considered an international body whose laws States can choose to adopt, but that it can actually play a significant role in the law making of member States. The extent of this integration has made it questionable whether member States have effectively given up their sovereignty to the EU. To an extent, sovereignty has passed from member States to the
The European Union is known as a economic and political union that has 28 member states around the continent .The EU was established in the aftermath of World War 2. The idea behind the eu was that countries that trade with each other become economically interdependent and are less likely to get into conflict. What stared off as a purely economic union advanced into an organization covering policy areas, from climate, environment and health to external relations and security, justice and migration (Ayiekoh, 2016).
The start of Europe going towards a union had begun after World War II. The French gave an invitation to European countries served as the basis of a European Union. 9 countries have accepted the invitation: Belgium, Germany, France, Italy, Luxembourg and The Netherlands. Then it expanded and increased by accepting European countries that want to join; Denmark, Ireland and the U.K. in 1973, Greece in 1981, Spain and Portugal in 1986, and Austria, Fenland and Sweden in 1995. Now it has 28 countries.
The European Union (EU) legislation has gone through evolution through many treaties in order to establish a better democratic legitimacy of its legislative procedure. It has been discussed that the core elements of democratic legitimacy can be found in two dimensions, the input-dimension and the output-dimension. The input-dimensions focuses more
David Cameron, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom in a speech wisely said that “with courage and conviction I believe we can deliver a more flexible, adaptable and open European Union in which the interests and ambitions of all its members can be met”. The courageous creation of cross-national organizations supersede the public opinions and negative comments regarding the union. Collective combination of states sovereignties into a new entity is what revitalized the European economy after the war. Understanding the past visionaries chimerical view of integration, political ties and peace are the forefront to grasp the breadth of the European integration project. The impetus for change is evident in the amount of states that joined the
The European Union (EU) is one of the largest collective economies in the world, containing twenty-eight member countries encompassing much of the European continent. With its size, age, and economic diversity, there is no doubt that this single market region should be one of the most prosperous economic areas in the world. By design, all individual EU member countries, and the businesses within them, should be able to easily access the vast markets that exist throughout the EU. The fundamental idea of the EU is to have a single market region where there are few (if any) barriers to the movement of goods and services throughout respective member countries. With the reduction of barriers to doing business, having a single market should help substantially grow business throughout the European economy by increasing competition and trade, improving efficiency, and helping cut prices of both business inputs and finished products (source 1). However, since the world recession that began in 2008, the EU has struggled to gain back its economic foothold and businesses are struggling to succeed. According to an August 2015 article from The Economist, even seven years after the recession first began, the EU is still growing slowly and having a hard time returning to its pre-recession economic success (Source 2). While some of the slow EU growth can be attributed to the major collapse of some important EU member economies such as Greece, Spain, and Ireland, some of the lack of
Through a historic nationwide referendum on June 23, the outright majority of Britons chose to ignore forecasts of financial doom and diminished global clout to opt out of the European Union (EU). In the process, they tuned out world leaders like US President Barack Obama, who had warned free-agent Britain would start at the “back of the queue” for bilateral trade deals, and financial gurus including Bank of England governor Mark Carney who grimly predicted a recession if the UK quit the union. The final tally showed 30 million people voted in the referendum, a 72% voter turnout, and 52% of them said,“Sayonara, EU.”
The European Union is committed to some of the boldest renewable energy goals of at least 27% of final energy consumption by renewable sources by 2030. While this goal is in part environmentally motivated with commitments to climate change in mind, it is also politically motivated; Europe is currently heavily
The European Union (EU) is an intergovernmental union of European states composed of 28 countries. The EU’s emphasis is to encourage economic and social harmony between nations.
The European Union (EU) is an intergovernmental organization of states that includes 28 countries that are spread over Western Europe and more recently includes some Eastern European countries as well. Shortly after World War II various countries and governments in Europe started to grow closer together to help strengthen themselves economically as well as make it much less likely that another world war would be much less likely to happen. Over time, these Western European countries grew closer together and the European Union was born. The member countries of the European Union are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. In the future the European Union will have to make some hard decisions on whether or not to join closer together militarily and also on how to react to emerging threats such as those posed by an antagonistic Russia which is becoming more powerful in the region. There is also much speculation on which, if any countries will join in the future or if the European Union will even be relevant in the future. With so many economies tied together it certainly makes a union on such a massive scale seem ripe for failure. In order to reduce the chance of war and increase the economic strength of European countries, the
The European Union was formed after WW2 in the late 1940s. The main purpose behind the establishment of the European Union was to end the period of wars between neighbouring countries and unite all of Europe as one strong economy. The nations officially started joining the European Council in 1949. The initial six nations that acted as founding members for the European Union were Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg and Netherland (European Commision, 2014). Overtime, more nations joined in and united 28 countries till 2015. The additional countries that joined in included Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Republic of Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom (European Commision, 2015).
The European Union has been a success as an international organization The European Union is a political community constituted as an international organization whose aim is to promote integration and a common government of the European people and countries. According to the Article 3 of the European Union Treaty, Union’s aim
European Union (EU) The European Union (EU) is a distinctive economic and political union. It was established on the first of January 1958 with 27 member countries. The EU is located primarily in Europe (European Union, 2013). France, Germany, Italy, Netherlands, Belgium and Luxembourg founded the Treaty of Rome in the year 1957 and established The European Economic Community. (The European Union, 2012)