The European Union 's Economic And Monetary Union

1838 WordsNov 17, 20148 Pages
Abe Hannigan Professor Wickham POLS 120 The European Union launched the economic and monetary union (EMU) of Europe on January 1st, 1999. January 1st of 2002 marked the establishment of a single currency through the introduction of euro bills and coins to 12 EU states. Formally called the “eurozone”, the movement to a single currency has developed as 18 EU member states currently use the euro. Desiring further political integration, the EMU was designed to maintain price stability through a central bank known as the European Central Bank (ECB). Although economic certainty was the goal, a financial crisis that erupted within the eurozone lead to questions about the credibility of the EMU. The debate over political integration was furthered by the introduction of ideas for increased fiscal federalism, similar to the current policies within the United States currency union. For a monetary union to succeed, a fiscal union is necessary to solve the vulnerabilities of the EMU and supervise national policy to prevent macroeconomic imbalances throughout Europe. However, the dispute over political centralization impedes the establishment of such a fiscal system within the upcoming decade. As it remains a proposal rather than a policy, interpretations of “fiscal union” differ; however, as defined, its purpose would create a set of rules for national governments concerning tax and budget policies essentially leading to policy coordination among EU member states. Supervised by
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