Grace Hopper was an American Computer Scientist and U.S. Navy rear admiral. She was also known as the Queen of Computing, Queen of Coding, Admiral Grace, and more. She created the first compiler, a program, that translated human readable language into computer executable machine language. She was an example of creativity, intelligence, and perseverance.
In the 1940’s during World War II, technology had presented an importance to ensure success on the front. There were a wide range of scientists outside the military who could make things like this possible. When the war was ending, it had been discussed that lasting peace may not be guaranteed for the future. People in the war department of the Military and in other sections discussed the need for “private organization to connect military planning with research and development decisions” (cite
William Pollard once said, "Learning and innovation go hand in hand. The arrogance of success is to think that what you did yesterday will be sufficient tomorrow." Maybe the generals of World War 1 (WW1) should have been told this when they used cavalry when they were outdated and rifles and machine guns were the weapons of this war. They found this out the hard way which sparked the time of technological innovations and changes that was WW1. The three technological innovations I will write about are machine guns, planes and tanks.
No such war was so strongly affected by math and science then WWII. The earliest technological advancements created during world war II was by the Nazi’s and there study of rockets and rocketry. They created the V-1 rocket which is a predecessor to the modern day cruise missile. As well as the V-2 missile which is like a modern day ballistic missile that flies into space and drops onto the enemy(Digital History). These missiles guiding systems were some of the first electronic computers ever created which created a base on which people built off of to create the computers of today. Early control centers aboard ships pioneered the networked, interactive
The United States should focus primarily on the pursuit of technological advantages in order to preserve a decisive edge in warfare. Technology alone will not win wars, but without employing current technology the United States will find itself at a significant disadvantage in warfare. Throughout history, several technological advances have given an edge to nations engaged in conflict, leaving their adversaries to adjust or risk a significant disadvantage. Over the last three centuries, technology and the industrial revolution have changed the face of war and the world.
The origin of the computer resides with the military. The computer itself was created by the military during the Cold War era, when we were in a technological race with Russia. This race was the fuel for massive advancements in technology especially in the sector of computer intelligence. The first Computer’s were physically large enough to fill an entire room. They were used to manage large quantities of data in textual and numerical form. The government backed certain research facilities in the advancement of the computer and some investigated and experimented in computer technology with art and music. 1
The preparation for and the acts of war have been greatly influential in technological advancements, economic growth, and industrialization. No war has made a bigger impact in these areas than World War II, as applications in the fields of engineering and science were passed on to the military for future operations that they would have. Prior to World War II, the world that people saw on a daily basis was vastly different from the world we live in today. No one had any idea what the future would have in store for the future generations.
Technology has made a huge difference in the world since history, and it has been a reason why people are more social. In the old times since the 1960’s to the 1980’s many people didn't knew where many things came from or they didn't knew how it was made or know anything about technology. Until, in the year 1440 printing press came as a form of technology to people that allowed them to write news on newspapers and inform the people many things about what was going on in the world and how many things were created.
The ENIAC was invented by John Mauchly and J.Presper Eckert, Jr.and built from 1943-1945. The ENIAC (Electronic Numerical Integrator and Calculator), often referred to as the first computer, was built to supply the need for faster calculations. It started the information age and led to the development of the first commercial computers (The ENIAC).
To some, World War II may seem like a great war that happened a long time ago, a war where however great the innovations during the war were, they are much out of date now, and so they have no impact on today’s world. But to another, who understand the world and how it grows, realize that wherever a nation is, it is in that position because of its history. This means that without all of the improvements of technology during World War II, the world as we know it today would be very much different on many levels. One of the levels which has a great impact on today’s world would be the improvements of technology. But as what was said before, almost anything new cannot be created
People in the United States were starting to invent gadgets to make life easier. In 1945, one of the main inventions was a computer named ENIAC (Electronic Numerical Integrator And Computer). This was a huge step for the United States, and it allowed new technology to be made that could not be before. The ENIAC was a giant computer that stood two stories tall and weighed thirty tons. This super computer was a secret military project during World War II that was carried out by Jon Mauchly and John Presper Eckert Junior. ENIAC was invented to speed up the mathematical calculations that were needed to make ballistic firing tables for the Army and to design atomic weaponry. This super computer could add 5,000 numbers in one second. This might not seem like very fast compared to today’s technology, but this was a 1,000 times faster than any machine at this time.
Grace Hopper, a computer programmer, is known for helping develop and lead the team that created the first computer language compiler, which was a precursor to the widely used COBOL language. She also became an admiral in the U.S. Navy.
In 1959, the need for a standardized programming language for businesses was apparent, so Mary K. Hawes (ElectroData Division, Burroughs Corporation) requested a formal meeting with programmers and manufacturers to create such a language (2). The resulting language was COBOL (common business-oriented language), which changed the world of programming for everyone. CODASYL (Committee on Data Systems Languages) was formed in order to guide the development of COBOL, and their team was made of individuals with backgrounds that involved data processing activities (3). One noteworthy individual is Grace Hopper, who was one of the first programmers of the Harvard Mark I computer in 1944. She invented the first compiler for a computer programming language (5). Her goal with COBOL was to make it a highly
In 2500 B.C., The Abacus was the only mechanical device that existed for numerical computation at the beginning of human history; it was invented in Sumeria Circa around that time period (Wikipedia 1). It was designed to find the answer to a math problem. The First computer program was written for the Analytical Engine by Mathematician Ada Lovelace to calculate a sequence of Bernoulli numbers (Wikipedia 3).Time passed, and devices were made so programming could start to evolve. Computer languages were first composed of a series of steps to wire a particular program: these advanced into a series of steps keyed into the computer then executed. (Ferguson 3) “At this point so far programming has not reached to a computer just yet, but later will be unveiled as
The history of computers begin with the invention of ENIAC in 1946 which is regarded as the first general purpose electronic computer. The computer was initially developed for the code-solving use in World War II, but it was not completed until the war had ended. It was installed at the University of Pennsylvania with 40 separate eight-foot-high and 18,000 tubes installed. In 1965, the first commercial minicomputer, the PDP-8, was successfully developed by the DEC and the invention of IBM Personal Computer in 1981 was a complete package with the similar content to nowadays computers. The computer started to be much similar to the computers we know