The Evolution Of Computers During World War II

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"The Evolution Of Computers"

In 1937, J.V. Atanasoff, a professor of physics and mathematics at Iowa State University, attempts to build the first computer without gears, cams, belts, and shafts. Then, in 1941 Atanasoff and his graduate student, Clifford berry, design a computer that can solve 29 equations simultaneously. This is the first computer that can store information on its main memory.

Then, in 1943 Project Whirlpool begins, during World War 2 the U.S Navy asked the Massachusetts Institute Of Technology (MIT) about constructing a flight simulator to train bomb crews. The team first built an analog computer, but they found it not logical and suitable for its purpose. After the designers of the computer saw a illustration of the ENIAC computer, they decided to build a digital computer. By the time the Whirlwind was completed in 1951, the U.S Navy lost interest in the project.

In 1946, Maunchly and Presper leave the University of Pennsylvania and receive funding from the Census Bureau to build the UNIVAC, the first commercial computer for business and government applications. Forty-six computers were built for business and government purposes. The UNIVAC had an add time of 120 milliseconds, multiply time of 1,800 microseconds, and a divide time of 3,600 microseconds.

Grace Hopper in 1953, develops the first computer language, which eventually becomes known as COBOL. Inventor Thomas Johnson Watson, Jr., son of IBM CEO, he invents the
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