The Evolution Of Health Policy

745 WordsAug 16, 20153 Pages
There are several key issues one needs to know about the evolution of health policy, however the most important are the evolution from health system design as it emerges into an unprecedented federal policy and law, the financing and quality/access of services. In the past, the primary characteristic of health care focused on least amount of government involvement and was not seen as an appropriate government function and until 1953 when a federal government cabinet-level created the Department of Health, Education and Welfare (Williams & Torrens, 2008). Health policy is viewed in two ways, one is describe an informal and general set of values, ethical standards, legal decision in court cases therefore acting within the general…show more content…
Although participation from local and state does provide a voice toward value setting objectives, it can enhance the data and research that will guide the creation of legislative action (Williams & Torrens, 2008). In 2006, the United States allocated 16 percent of the gross domestic product to healthcare (Williams & Torrens, 2008). Healthcare cost is expected to raise $4.7 trillion by 2020 and government is expected to pay for a large share of the total cost (Nordal, 2012). Therefore, health policy is driven by financing a fragmented, decentralized and unplanned system into a more centralized organizational reform with Centers of Medicaid and Medicare having a greater role in the implementation and development of health policy through the federal and state levels as part of their responsibility of these two programs (William & Torrens, 2008). Hospital, physicians and health facilities are operating with tight financial constraints, physician discontent and increasing cost of pharmaceuticals. In addition, to the future of health policy is how it addresses acute or chronic illness model, aging population (i.e. Baby Boomer) and increasing demand the financing of health care will require a preventive model with standardization of
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