The Evolution Of Management Theory

2071 Words Aug 11th, 2014 9 Pages
The Evolution of Management. Management theory has evolved over the years going from business ran somewhat like a family to a heavily structured bureaucracy. the individuals discussed below FINSIH HERE According to Wren & Bedeian (2009), the theory of management contributed to heavily by two individuals. Henri Fayol, a French engineer manager, and Max Weber a German sociologist economist. Both men are praised for their ideas which have influenced many generations of managers, scholars and continue to this day to influence to great degree managerial thinking (Wren & Bedeian, 2009). Fayol (1841-1925), is credited with being the first individual to write down and advance a formal statement of management principles and elements. Fayol stated that a firms organizations performance was less dependent on its leaders’ technical abilities then their managerial abilities (Wren & Bedeian, 2009). Fayol published a list of management principles including: forecasting, unity of command, separation of powers among distinct departments, hierarchical transmission of orders, and centralization/decentralization. (Wren & Bedeian, 2009). Weber (1864-1920), was more focused on how organizations should fundamentally be structured (Wren & Bedeian, 2009). Weber generated the idea of bureaucratic management where an organization is more authoritative, rigid and structured (Bureaucracy, 2014). Weber identified the following key elements in his management theory: concisely defined job…
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