The Evolution Of The Orangutans

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The Orangutans which are also known as Pongo abelii, are the second largest apes after the gorillas. The male Orangutans can grow up to five feet and weigh around ninety one kilograms while the female Orangutans can reach an average height of three feet while weighing around forty five kilograms (Shank, C., 2012). The Orangutans are well known for their ability to swing from tree to tree easily with their long arms while their legs act as a second pair of arms when needed. Orangutans in general live up to the age of forty. The female Orangutans are able to produce one infant at a time with a gestation period of nine months. Female Orangutans are able to produce mere three off springs during their short child bearing years, thus, making their population growth vulnerable. The Orangutans play an important role in the ecosystem. They consume fruits and scatter the seeds through their digestive system all around the forests. This process of scattering seeds around the forests ensures the growth of fruit bearing trees and plants.
The Sumatran Orangutan population has depleted drastically in the last twenty to thirty years due to their habitat loss through the clearing of forests to pave way for oil palm plantations and other agricultural developments (Gursky-Doyen, S., & Supriatna, J., 2010). With palm oil being extremely versatile, its demand has resulted in having 48 million tonnes of palm oil being produced each year for the world export market (Oil World Trade Journal, 2008),

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