The Evolution Of The Species Homo Neandertalensis

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The species Homo neandertalensis has been a subject to much debate over history. This species was once thought as one of us. The existent of this species has undergone conversions about their importance and their evolutionary situation. Moreover, the biggest question we ask is what happened to the Neanderthals? Two debates concerning what happened to the Neanderthals have been continuing since the 19th century. One side of the debate believes that they were unable to compete with modern humans or were unable to cope with the harsh living conditions causing them to become extinct. The other side of the debate states that they mingled with the new human populations, and eventually evolved into the modern human. This paper will provide enough…show more content…
The Neander Valley located in Germany is the place known for the first fossil find of Neanderthals; this fossil was found in 1856. In addition, the Neanderthals were identified as an earlier human species anticipating the modern day humans (Crane-Kramer and Harrison 2015:145). The Neanderthals were living during the last glacial period, which required them to develop particular traits that allowed them to survive in cold weathers. Compared to the modern human, Neanderthals were shorter and displayed a stockier body shape, which was an evolutionary adaption to the colder envoirment. Neanderthals demonstrated a large brain size of 1520cc; when compared to the modern human it is larger. This is not because they had more intelligence, but instead their brain was in poprotation with their body size. Furthermore, their skull was also larger because of a characteristic specified to Neanderthals called the occipital bun (Crane-Kramer and Harrison 2015:145). The occipital bun was a “large protrusion on the rear part of the cranium” (Crane-Kramer and Harrison 2015:145). The Neanderthals were the first species to deliberately bury their one another. Such burials were found inside their caves where they also were living. They were often situated in the fetal position and in associated with specific grave goods. (Crane-Kramer and Harrison 2015:150). Moreover, some insist that this may reflect
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