The Evolution of Forensic Science

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Evolution of Forensic Science Forensic science is a broad term that refers to the use of science or technology in a court room environment. Forensic science plays an important role in modern popular culture; the police procedural is highly dependent upon cutting-edge forensic science. Moreover, many people are aware of the impact of DNA testing on the modern criminal justice landscape. However, forensic science actually predates many modern scientific advances; almost as long as there have been controversies, there has been some type of forensic science. The first documented autopsy was performed by the physician Antistius on Julius Caesar in 44 B.C. (Martinez, 2012). He examined Caesar's body and discovered that of his 23 stab wounds, only one of them proved fatal. The Roman history of forensics continued, and in 1,000 A.D. a Roman attorney was able to use bloody palm prints to prove that his client had been framed for murder (Martinez, 2012). In 1248, a Chinese book described how to distinguish between different causes of death (Bellis, 2012). Up until that point, the proof that people used forensic science is inconsistent, but it seems highly unlikely that the recorded instances are the only instances where forensic science was used. In the 1540s, Ambroise Paré , a French surgeon, began examining how gunshot wounds and arrows impacted internal organs. He published a book, and that book is considered the beginning of modern forensic pathology (Martinez, 2012). In

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