The Evolutionary Factors That Have Shaped The Genetics That We Inherit From Our Parents

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INTRODUCTION NATURE This refers to all the evolutionary factors that have that have shaped the genetics that we inherit from our parents. Nature determine the range of our human potential.Naturists believe that the knowledge humans have about the world is innate. Therefore human development is determined by heredity. NURTURE This has to deal with our environment; it refers to all the environmental factors that have influenced us since we began to grow. Nurture affects the way our human potential is actualized. Empiricists believe that is the environment which shapes and influences human behaviour. Over the years there has been a controversy among psychologist on which one of the two contribute more to behaviour genes or environment. Some researchers emphasized the exclusive role of genetic hereditary; others denied biological contribution (nature) emphasizing on the environment (nurture). The writing of a Greek philosopher John Lock (1652 – 1704) was in the favour of the nurture side of the controversy he posited that “babies are like tabular rasa (blank slate)”. With the example of a white board, he explained that anything written on this board can only be attributed to learning and experience.Watson (1925) “believed that it is the environment that shapes the human development” According to this view nature has nothing to contribute to behaviour except from providing a life body. The other side of the controversy which belief that nature contributes more to behaviour was

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