The Existence Of Gender Discrimination

2843 Words May 9th, 2015 12 Pages
The existence of gender discrimination in workplaces is not under dispute (Acker, 2006). In virtually all societies across the world, women are known to be in a lower position in labour market than men. Women are overrepresented in positions at the bottom echelons of organisations; they have less status, prestige, power and authority on the job. Besides, women are segregated into roles and jobs that offer poorer rewards and have fewer opportunities for progression to positions of power (Walby, 1988). Women receive less pay and rewards than men, even if they work in similar jobs with similar levels of responsibility and requiring a similar level of ability (Cockburn, 1992). Although it has been argued that the poorer labour market position is to some extent self-driven, with many women purposely opting to develop the skills and abilities that qualifies them, for example, to enter feminised professions (Walby, 1988), there can be no question that gender discrimination on the part of employers has a part to play. This paper will clarify the theories and concepts that have been advanced to account for gender discrimination in the workplace through taking a theoretical perspective on this issue. Firstly, it will set out the neoclassical arguments for the existence of gender discrimination. Secondly, it will discuss some of the challenges posed to this model by dual labour market models, patriarchal models and intersectionality models. Thirdly, it will examine the effectiveness…
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