The Existence of Social Order Today

798 WordsMay 16, 20134 Pages
Cheriez Lucas Upper 6 Mr Chinapoo Sociology Discuss how sociologists explain the existence of social order today. Sociologists define social order as a set of linked social structures, social institutions and social practices which conserve, maintain and enforce ways of relating and behaving. A society which has social order is one where the persons within it accepts the norms and values and replicate them in their behaviour. In studying the theories of social order, there are three main perspectives, the functionalist, the Marxist and the interactionist perspectives. The first sociologist to come up with the term social order was Thomas Hobbes, in the 17th century. Hobbes was an English philosopher who based his theory…show more content…
These were: adaption, goal attainment, integration and pattern maintenance. Through the institutions socialization occurs and values are passed on from generation to generation. Also, in order for social order to be attained, the entire social system must be harmonious. For this to happen there need to be laws and sanctions for deviant behaviour. That is why today if someone commits a crime they’ll receive a punishment to fit the crime whether, it be jail time or they are fined. On the other hand, Marx talks about social order being forced unto the proletariats by the bourgeoisie. They, the bourgeoisie, conform the thinking of the proletariats to their capitalist way of thinking with ideologies. This is “a set of beliefs, values, and opinions that shapes the way a person or a group such as a social class thinks, acts, and understands the world”. This is also known as false consciousness (Engels), where the upper class forces their values onto the lower class. The control that the upper class exercises over the means of production includes not only the production of food or manufactured goods, it also includes the production of ideas as well. This explains why members of the subordinate class may hold ideas contrary to their own interests. This is seen in Marx’s explanation of religion where he views it as the opium of the masses. Religion controls the mind of the proletariats, which in turn makes them accept the morals and
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