The Expansion Of Slavery During The 19th Century

1410 WordsDec 14, 20156 Pages
During the 19th century, so known “peculiar institution” of slavery dominated labor systems of the American South, also dominated most production in the US and led to a boost of the economy of the New Republic. By the 1850 's, US had become a country segregated into two regional identities, known as the Slave South and the Free North. While the South maintained a pro-slavery identity that supported and protected the expansion of slavery westward, the North largely held abolitionist views and opposed the slavery’s westward expansion. Until the 1850 's the nation uncertainly balanced the slavery subject between the two opponents. However, the acquisition of the Louisiana territories in 1803 by the Jefferson administration doubled the size of the US and the victory in the Mexican-American War extended the territory to the Pacific which quadrupled the area of the US. Ultimately, the territorial expansion led to the spread of slavery. In this essay, I will describe some of the reasons for the expansion of slavery including its influence in national politics, and consequences such as political debates and crises of 1850’s. The first reason of expansion was the decline in The North for slaves. Because the North prospered during the Industrial Revolution, northern cities were the center of industry in the US. They became major metropolises due to the large flow of immigrants. Also the first reasons for the civil war. After the lands in the Old South were exhausted from cotton
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