The Expectancy Theory And Critically Evaluate The Following Statement

1349 WordsNov 16, 20146 Pages
Use Expectancy theory and critically evaluate the following statement: A job will only be motivating if it leads to rewards that the individual values. Introduction Business productivity has been a focus of many studies over the past few decades as businesses strive to continuously improve and become more efficient. One of the key concepts behind productivity is utilising one of the main resources, people, in the best ways possible. Organisations have to analyse employees‘ behaviour to be able to ensure that they are working effectively and this can be done through focusing on their motivation. Motivation aims to explore the reasoning behind people’s behaviour and the factors that affect them to stay committed and passionate about their job. There are many theories that investigate motivation, however, I will focus on Vroom‘s Expectancy Theory in this essay to critically evaluate the following statement: A job will only be motivating if it leads to rewards that the individual values. Body The Expectancy Theory is a theory that was created by Vroom (1964) to explore motivation through analysing people’s behaviour at work. The theory consists of three main components: expectancy, instrumentality and valence. Expectancy is the probability that an employee‘s effort will lead to a given level of performance. Subsequently, instrumentality is the probability that a certain level of performance will result in a desired outcome, therefore, the reward. Finally, valence focuses

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