The Expectancy Theory

1537 WordsApr 14, 20067 Pages
Using an example of your choice apply the expectation theory of motivation. You should consider both its strengths and weaknesses as a theory. Arguments will be presented to show, how the expectation theory of motivation can be used to measure the force of motivation for a student to study, to achieve a high grade in his or her math's test. This example will be relevant as the expectation theory can look at whether the reward will motivate/not motivate the student, whether the value of the goal will motivate/not motivate the student, or if the thought high effort will achieve a high grade will motivate/not motivate the student. ‘The first major expectancy theory was put forward by victor Harold Vroom in 1964 although later writers, such…show more content…
Although this is not so easy in the case of a lecturer and a student as there is no way to form a policy to control the reward with a lecturer unfortunately. o Policies- the degree to which reward systems are formalized in written policies has an impact on the individuals' Instrumentality perceptions. Formalized policies linking rewards to performance tend to increase Instrumentality. The valance refers the value the individual personally places on the rewards. This is a function of his or her needs and goals. This will depend on how much the student would value a high grade. Each of the above is given a value. For valence your score can be valued as –1 (which says the student doesn't care about his or her grade), 0 (which says the student is in two minds, he or she would like a high grade but they don't mind too much if it isn't achieved), +1 (which says that the student really wants to achieve a high grade). For Instrumentality you would give a value between 0 (which says that there the extra studying and long hours would for instance ruin the students social life) and +1 (which says that there is a high chance that a good performance will achieve a high grade). For expectancy you would give a value between 0 (which says you won't achieve a high grade from high effort) and +1 (which says that you will achieve a high grade from high
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