The Explusion Of Subordinate Groups In The Human Condition By Hannah Arendt

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in 1789 when the French revolution abolished the rule of the first estate and established collective sovereignty for its citizens (Britannica, 3). It is evident to note that as societies became increasingly heterogeneous, a cross-class alliance forms, thus disempowering actors who stood external from the public sphere such as women and people of colour. Nonetheless, economic power silences the marginalized (Guidry and Sawyer, 274). Participating in political ventures appeared to only validate those who belonged to the elite. That is to say, public spheres tend to benefit dominant groups while denying the subordinate groups from debating their needs, objectives and strategies, thus depriving them of fulfilling their zoon politikon. An example of the exclusion of subordinate groups is exhibited in Hannah Arendt's novel, The Human Condition (1958). Arendt identifies 3 fundamental sectors which she believes defines the human nature of being. The categories of labor, work and action exist as the main focus of her perceptions of scopes that directs human nature. Positioning action as the leading step to reaching plurality, expanding the public sphere and acquiring eternal freedom, she trivializes labor and work as classifications of “sub-humans” arguing that people who dwell in these realms do so intentionally. Arendt dismisses the notion that people located within these sectors are manipulated to adhere to systematic ploys to retain a hierarchy that benefits the wealthy, yet

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