The Extent to Which Official Crime Statistics Provides a Reliable Estimate of the Amount of Crime Committed in England and Wales

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The Extent to Which Official Crime Statistics Provides a Reliable Estimate of the Amount of Crime Committed in England and Wales

The Criminal Justice System is an area of the English Legal System
that strikes a balance between punishing the guilty and protecting the
innocent. This balance has been the subject of much debate in the last
20 years because there has been a large number of miscarriages of
justice, where innocent citizens/ people are sent to prison. This then
suggested that the system had tipped this balance too far and was
greatly engaged in proving guilt. Examples of high profile cases that
show some of these miscarriages of justice are , The Birmingham Six
and The Guilford Four. The
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These sources of
media all contribute to crime and the fear of crime that usually
relates to personal safety. Research have shown that this fear is
especially high in the elderly, female and ethnic minority groups. So
the higher the crime rate the higher the fear of crime. It is also
important to question the authenticity of crimes reported by the media
- has enough evidence been carried out before the crimes were
published?.

Official statistics on crime are published annually in the UK, and
provide two main kind of information: the number of crimes committed,
as a whole and by type of crime; and certain characteristics such as
sex and age, of convicted offender.

The British Crime Survey (BCS) is a yearly survey that collects data
on crimes in England and Wales. This data is collected through
randomly sent out questionnaires. There are also the Homes Office
Figures which record all crimes reported to police. BCS figures
include non reported crimes, while the Home Office includes only
crimes reported. A number of studies have shown that majority of
crimes which take place are not reported to the police. According to
the BCS, the main reasons for not reporting are that the police would
not be able to do anything about it. People also tend to report crimes
where…