The Extent to which Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) Can Contribute towards Mitigation and Adaptation to Climate Change Futures

1062 Words Jul 12th, 2018 5 Pages
1. Introduction
Climate change the ‘wicked problem’ is continuously imposing significant threat to the nature as whole according to the recent projections (IPCC 2013; Bondeau et al. 2013). This anticipated hazard is unavoidable to some extent though the source of the problem (‘green house gas’ emission) is barred right now (IPCC 2014a). Combination of mitigation (reducing or capturing GHG) and adaptation effort has been suggested both in the short and long term to achieve the complementary advantage (i.e. cost) and to reduce the risk (IPCC 2014a; 2014b).
Transportation, residential and business energy use and industrial sector is the major contributor of global GHG emission (EPA 2013). These three sectors are influenced actively by
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Carbon dioxide concentration has increased by 40% since the pre-industrial times, largely from fossil fuel emissions and land use change emissions. Human intervention on the climate structure is unambiguous. Further emissions of greenhouse gases will cause further warming and changes in all components of the climate system. Most characteristics of climate change will continue for many centuries even if emissions are stopped totally at this point (IPCC 2013; Bondeau et al. 2013).
2.2 Mitigation Need
‘Mitigation is a human intervention to reduce the sources or enhance the sinks of greenhouse gases’ (IPCC 2014a). According to Fifth Assessment Report of IPCC (IPCC 2014a), technical and behavioural mitigation instrument for all transport modes, in addition new infrastructure and urban redevelopment investments could decrease final energy demand in 2050 by around 40% below the baseline. Integrated urban planning, transit-oriented development, compact urban form that supports cycling and walking, and new infrastructures such as high-speed rail systems that will reduce short-haul air travel demand, can play a vital role for emission reduction (IPCC 2014a); which can be guided at the very beginning of the policy and plan making through instruments like SEA. Moreover, the next two decades present a window of opportunity for mitigation in urban areas, as a significant segment of the world’s ‘transition/semi-urban’ areas will be urbanized during this period in
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