The Extermination Of The Holocaust

1149 Words Jun 22nd, 2015 5 Pages
In October, 1941 SS General Odilo Globocnik was authorized to institute a plan to systematically murder all Jews residing in the Generalgouvernement. This project received the code name of Operation Reinhard. To accomplish this elimination of approximately 2 million
Jews, Globocnik created a Department on his staff. SS Major Hermann Hofle coordinated the deportation of the Jews to three killing centers in German-occupied Poland: Belzec, Sobibor, and Treblinka II. A small minority of Jews were used as forced laborers prior to killing them. These Jews were transported to Operation Reinhard labor camps and to the Lublin/Majdanek concentration camp. This camp was established primarily as a concentration camp. However, it did also serve as a killing site. It had gas chambers which were used, primarily, to eliminate laborers too weak to work. The killing center, Chelmno, was also constructed. In order to murder the Jews of Greater Germany as well as Jews residing in German-occupied or German held areas of Europe, Auschwitz II (Auschwitz-Birkenau) was designated as a killing facility. Auschwitz-Birkenau as well as the Auschwitz main camp was originally planned as a vast forced-labor camp. However, Auschwitz-Birkenau began to operate as a killing center in the Spring of 1942. Approximately 1 million Jews from Germany, Austria, Czechoslovakia, Norway, France, the Netherlands, Belgium, Luxemburg, Poland, Yugoslavia, Greece, Italy, and Hungary were murdered at…
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