The Factors That Contribute to the Restriction in Freedom of Speech and Information in Malaysia Towards Iukl's Local Students

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CHAPTER 1

THE FACTORS THAT CONTRIBUTE TO THE RESTRICTION IN FREEDOM OF SPEECH AND INFORMATION IN MALAYSIA TOWARDS IUKL'S LOCAL STUDENTS

1.1 Introduction

"Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression; this right includes freedom to hold opinions without interference and to seek, receive and impart information and ideas through any media and regardless of frontiers." (The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, Article 19, 1948).

Freedom of speech and information is the one of the rights to every people in the civilized nation. Freedom of speech and information can be describe as the freedom of each of the citizen to voice out their opinion in the appropriate way and gain the access to the useful information without any
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Sociological:

The un-expose to the information and knowledge has made the students unaware about the importance of the freedom of speech. Thus influence the interaction among them in their daily life.

Dutton's 2004 say: This publication argues for a fresh approach that moves beyond the limitations of the ‘information society' concept that has been the most common way of signifying the broad, interconnected range of social and economic changes tied to ICTs.

Rethinking access in the way proposed here opens a broader understanding of the term access' in relation to ICTs than the traditional definition that referred primarily to physical access to ICT infrastructures, systems, and devices. It also widens the object of that access from information, as implied by the term ‘information society', to include people, services, and technologies. (p. 22)

The restriction to the access of information has made the student unaware about the right to the freedom of speech and information. Thus, they will not make this as one of the topics of conversation in their daily life interactions.

Legal:

The restriction in term of laws and legislation for the freedom of speech and information among the students.

"All the treaties about human rights allow limitations on freedom of expression when national security is discussed. Again in almost all states where freedom of information is being

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