The Fall Of Feudalism And The Rise Of Capitalism

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The fall of feudalism in the 12th century eventually led to the rise of capitalism. To get there, the first thing needed was a change in thinking. This began with the scientific revolution, and led to the Enlightenment in the 18th century. The Enlightenment, also known as the Age of Reason, was highlighted by individualism, reason, and skepticism. Skepticism caused people to denounce divine right of kings, thus moving from monarchies to democracies. This desire for knowledge coupled with the scientific revolution resulted in new manufacturing inventions that made the production process more efficient and advanced society, this is referred to as the industrial revolution. These major events altered almost every feature of daily life for…show more content…
The means of production are everything needed for manufacturing. This includes the factories, the labor force, and the raw materials. Marx also uses the term social relations of production, which is the social relationships people enter by being a part of the means of production. The mode of production ¬¬is the combination of social class and the social relations of production of that period in time. These both establish life in general: the political and social institutions, culture, and ideologies. Marx believed that you are born into societies where the social relations of production are already predetermined. This means as a result, things like a person’s knowledge, ideologies, and beliefs are determined by their place in class. There are also other features of society that are an outcome of the social relations of productions. Things like products and institutions come out the need for them. Educational institutions come from the need for a higher educated population. Products come from the need of a product to solve a certain problem.
It is no secret that Marx and Engels believed capitalism was detrimental for society. They believed capitalism caused alienation- feeling of being separated from the world and society you live in- in its workers. Marx distinguished four types of alienation: (1) alienation of the worker from the product of his work, (2) alienation of the
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