The Fall Of The Ottoman Empire

1357 WordsMar 23, 20176 Pages
After the fall of the Ottoman Empire in 1919, United States President Woodrow Wilson put in a large effort in starting the League of Nations. The League, founded on January 10, 1920, pushed for a mandate system in the Middle East, replacing that of the Sykes-Picot. The mandates took away the sovereignty of the territory’s previous owner and transferred controlment to individual states in the Allied Powers. France came to own Syria and modern-day Lebanon and both Iraq and Palestine became British territories. What was interesting was that the United States had a good reputation, according to the Middle East states, and rather receive supervision from the U.S. instead of France and Britain. When the mandates were being made, Wilson actually…show more content…
Being much more organized and having support from both the United States and Britain, the Arabs lost and the State of Israel came into fruition. President Truman not to longer after recognized it on May 14, 1948. Meanwhile, the United States managed to find a great source of cheap oil through Saudi Arabia. The exchange was protection for oil. Thus, protecting the American oil interests in Saudi Araba as well as the Persian Gulf region became one of the country’s top priorities. In Egypt, the presidency of Gamal Abd al-Nasser was spreading Arab socialist policies, land reform, and the nationalization of the Suez Canal. With Cold War politics in play, the United States was worried this regime would cause further spread of communism and socialist ideals, especially in that Nasser gained his position from the Egyptian Revolution. A successful, nationalistic Arab country spelled bad news for the United States and could, in the future, motivate the nationalism of other Arab states and deter U.S. oil interests. However, the United States did not want to completely ruin its reputation with Egypt, although Nasser already was not a big fan of the Western Powers. After he nationalized the Suez Canal in 1956, Britain, France and Israel all invaded. Yet, the United Nations, with the backing of the U.S. and Soviet Union ordered them to withdraw. Interaction and
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