The Fall of Communism in Russia Essay

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Communism: "A scheme of equalizing the social conditions of life; specifically, a scheme which contemplates the abolition of inequalities in the possession of property, as by distributing all wealth equally to all, or by holding all wealth in common for the equal use and advantage of all. " (K. Marx) What Karl Marx had set out in his Communist Manifesto as guide lines for the governing of a state was proved to work to the contrary of its good intentions when applied in Russia. During 1989 the world looked on with amusement as the communist government in the U.S.S.R collapsed and was replaced with a government committed to democracy and the free market. The ethics of brother hood, equality, the…show more content…
But as time progressed and leaders turned dictators, turned tyrants, and established absolute power over the state. Too much power was transferred to the hands of one man and corruption ensuing came into play. The political policies of the USSR did not live up to their Marxist Leninist ideals; separating state and society into un-equal classes; in turn causing resentment amongst the society and deterring the majorities support for a communist way of life. Russia's first leader, Lenin kept Marxist Communism as a basis of government but interpreted the theology on his own terms (Marxist, Leninist Communism). Lenin himself was not a worker fighting for the workers plight, he was "an elite who took office and promised his people the elimination of classes, guaranteed employment, the creation of a comprehensive social security and welfare system for all citizens that would end the misery of workers once and for all" (D. B. Wolf, 56). But in order to achieve a truly Communist state, Lenin ordered "the suppression of any dissent or opposition"(D. B. Wolf, 57). Lenin managed to gain control over all aspects of influence in the society; "censorship and the subordination of interest groups such as trade unions, newspapers, and influential writers was imposed to stop dissention and increase conformity to the new government
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